Successful Task Management

ProjectThe term ‘Project’ generally specifies a time-bound set of actions

The term ‘Project’ generally specifies a time-bound set of actions, generally meant for the future, starting with today, and based on the experiences of the past, and right from historical times, the art of successfully handling a project has typically been witnessed in Man’s conquest of new lands, wars, area and even contemporary innovation. In recent times, that has changed into a science that can be discovered, mastered and practiced in any field or discipline by the application of some simple ground guidelines, that can make sure effective job conclusion by anybody in any circumstance.

The Nucleus: Any project is centered around an objective, which might germinate from an idea or a dream to meet a mission, and efforts are directed to accomplish the very same within a specified time frame, – that is the essence, and without which, no rewarding activity is possible.

The Origin: One bachelor or a group who are the brains/sponsors behind the entire thing, perform the important actions of conceiving the project plan, and provisioning of the needed inputs/resources and do an exceptionally critical job in the developmental stages, and continue to do so, till the life time of the project.

The Person: Goals, goals and ideas are inanimate, however need a warm blooded human to carry out the sponsor’s plan, by manipulating the offered resources, in accordance with the specified amount of time, – he or she is none aside from the “job manager” who embodies both the key functions of authority and duty. At times the originator/sponsor could also play this part, and well.

The Execution: The job manager and team are empowered to draw their motivation from the task plans conceived by the pioneers, and establish sub-plans to meet each and specific area/discipline, however keeping in focus the primary project’s goal. They need to utilize basic tools like Gantt charts, spreadsheets, and more involved strategies and tracking systems to note, tag, review and offer the needed inputs at appropriate stages, in effect manage the resources within the time and spending plan.

Project Manager-the Omnipotent CPU: The circulation of much needed resources, consisting of materials and individuals, has to be coordinated through managers originating from various disciplines, and here the task manager plays the crucial role of the CPU, to get the task case based on strategy. Here “communication” between all the taking part players, takes the leading place among the activities and guarantees dissemination of pertinent details on vital performance criteria, such as time and amount targets, monetary ramifications, as well as on failures to enable ideal correction en path.

Event of Success: Project leaders and groups have to be motivated, and hence any task that reaches successful conclusion needs to be acknowledged, and celebrated.

The critical finished job analysis: Projects can reach conclusion, in some cases as per strategy, or often much brief of the plan, however in each circumstances a thorough analysis to evaluate the spaces between plan and actuals, forms a really important activity, and can throw substantial light on deficiencies in planning, execution and possible remedies for the future tasks.

The Essence: Successful job management is the conclusion of the efforts of a number of people which includes both the originators and the employee who managed the job, and therefore needs to be studied and executed at all phases of the job, till completion and even thereafter.


Personal Success With Project Management Techniques

Task management is typically thought of as a business or organisational term, and it is real to say that task management techniques are generally used to “significant” projects within an organisation. For instance, the setup of a new computerised accounting system would (or should) be managed as a task; the style and develop of a brand-new airplane would be handled as a project; a major restructuring of a company or organisation need to be managed as a task.

Prior to the time I had my own business, I was associated with job management in some rather different types of jobs. Those experiences were indispensable, with each project being rather complicated in its own right, and affecting many people in numerous departments and disciplines. Their day-to-day working lives were to alter; their working practices were to be changed. As the technical, administrative, organisational, practical and monetary elements of each job, change itself had actually to be handled.

Something that is constantly present in any project is the personal component. The successful result of a job does not just depend on the planning and application of the task detail. It will constantly depend upon the people impacted and the people on the job team; how those 2 sets of people communicate is likewise important, and particularly how the task group will deal with concerns, or even outright opposition, of the individuals, or groups of people, who will be straight impacted by the job on completion.

From observation and experience, if the “people aspect” of a job is not handled well, the job is at threat of hold-up or even total failure. The individuals affected do have to be embraced as an integral part of the project. For this reason, I would spend as much time, as a job leader, in handling the workers to be affected by the job’s implementation, as I would with employee, and technical and preparing concerns.

It is because of this experience that I have actually got used to the concept of job management, and individuals impacted, being carefully associated. I then began to wonder whether, in a non-project situation, individuals might make use of job management techniques and principles, to manage essential elements of their individual lives.

My thoughts turned to individual success: if an enthusiastic individual had a vision of success, could they not take that vision, treat it as a task, plan exactly what is had to accomplish that vision, and then carry out that job similar way a business would with a job to set up a brand-new computer system? A brand-new computer system started out as a vision of someone within that company or organisation.

At the very least, some lessons from task management might be of help to an individual who has a desire to succeed, whatever that success may require. The path to that ultimate success can be broken down into various aspects, much as the setup of a brand-new computer system can. Surely a plan to accomplish success can be devised and executed in similar method? And after that managed appropriately?

In Part 2, I will consider exactly what lessons can be gained from project management in your very own “Project Success”.

Prior to I had my own business, I was involved in project management in some rather different types of projects. It will constantly depend on the individuals impacted and the people on the task team; how those 2 sets of people interact is likewise critical, and specifically how the job team will deal with issues, or even straight-out opposition, of the individuals, or groups of people, who will be directly impacted by the job on conclusion.

From observation and experience, if the “individuals aspect” of a job is not managed well, the task is at danger of hold-up or even total failure. For this factor, I would invest as much time, as a project leader, in dealing with the personnel to be impacted by the project’s execution, as I would with group members, and technical and planning issues.


Charge Card Are Considered To Be One Of The Most Important Monetary Tools In Modern-Day Society

Not just are certain people getting to take advantage of credit cards, even companies, small and big alike, are now using charge card to provide monetary help to their organisation on times they require it most.

If you are one of the many company owner in the world, having company charge card can certainly be an asset to your service. The primary advantage that company credit cards can supply your organisation is that it will enable to help your business on its financial needs with greater ease. And, it will also bring you a lot of savings if you utilize it. Here are a few of the important things you have to understand when selecting a business credit card in order to make certain that you pick the best one for your organisation.

Simply like ordinary credit cards, there are quite a number of business credit card uses readily available. When picking a company credit card, it is very important that you determine exactly what you will mostly use it for. Try asking yourself what kind of purchases you will make with the business charge card. By asking this concern, you will have the ability to know what sort of business charge card you ought to pick. For example, if your business will require you and your executives to travel a lot, then you should select a company charge card that provides collecting points or air miles. Or, you can also get a gas charge card if you and your organisation partners often use cars and trucks for travel.

After deciding of selecting the type of service credit card to get, the next action is to search for it. Like looking for a regular credit card, you need to likewise select a business charge card basing on the features it provide. It is constantly essential to select a company charge card that provides the most affordable interest rate. You may come throughout a company credit card that does not have any interest rate if you are fortunate enough. Business credit card offers like this will typically have a yearly cost that can cost as high as 200 dollars. If you can’t discover an interest free service charge card, choose the most affordable possible fixed rate of interest.

Rewards are also a crucial function you must try to find in a company credit card. In service charge card, you will normally see advantages, such as air miles, office materials discount rates, and gas discount rates. You likewise need to know exactly what shops are taking part with the business credit card reward offer. Attempt to look for shops, hotels, airline companies, gasoline station, and etc. that you generally do business with in order to maximize the points you make on the business charge card.

Another feature you should search for in a business credit card is the balance transfer feature. If you have an impressive balance in another charge card account, you can combine the balance in your business charge card. This is a great loan conserving feature that you certainly would want to make the most of. Also, not all company credit cards provide this sort of function. By looking around, you will have the ability to select from the very best service credit card offers. If you do have to provide your department heads a business credit card, you may ask for a daily online reporting to keep an eye on the purchases made.

If you are one of the many service owners in America, having company credit cards can certainly be an asset to your company. The primary advantage that service credit cards can supply your company is that it will allow to help your company on its financial requirements with higher ease. Here are some of the things you require to know when selecting a company credit card in order to make sure that you choose the ideal one for your organisation.

If your organisation will need you and your executives to travel a lot, then you must select a business credit card that offers collecting points or air miles. Attempt to look for stores, hotels, airlines, gas stations, and etc. that you generally do service with in order to make the most of the points you make on the company credit card.


Get A Home Loan With Bad Credit

Many People Ask “How Can I Get A Home Loan When I Have Bad Credit?”

The past 18 months has seen the demand for bad credit home loans skyrocket. In addition, all types of poor credit loans are seeing increasing demand. Because many of the online bad credit lenders are new you must make sure that you check them out carefully before giving them any of your personal information.

If you’re considering a poor credit home loan the first place to look is at FHA loans through Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae.. These loans are made for those with less than perfect credit and you’ll often get better rates from them on an FHA loan than you would from a traditional lender like a bank or credit union. They will also give you a much better deal than you’ll get on bad credit home loans through and online lender.

The bad credit lenders will make sure that all collection accounts have been paid and that there are no recent bankruptcies. They will also look at your current payment history on your mortgage, car loans and credit cards and these should all be current with no late payments in the past year.
Then getting a bad credit home loan should be easy, if you have all of these things covered. They can also be a great way to become a home owner and increase your credit score for the future.

One thing that people don’t realize is that getting bad credit home loans can sometimes lower your monthly payments and provide relief from other high interest debts like credit cards. They also don’t think about the other benefits that come with bad credit home loans such as the boost that the new loan will give to your credit score. Just by itself the credit repair is justification for taking a poor credit loan. These loans are made for those with less than perfect credit and you’ll often get better rates from them on an FHA loan than you would from a traditional lender like a bank or credit union. The lower your credit score the higher the interest rate will be on the loan, so you may be better off waiting several months to a year while working on improving your credit score before you apply for a bad credit home loan.

With the internet being so pervasive these days it’s easy to do all of your bad credit home loan research online and save yourself loads of time. It’s so easy to go online to compare the individual bad credit lenders and see their fees, costs and interest rates at a glance. If you’re considering bad credit home loans make sure that you research well and check out a variety of lenders to find the best rates and fees for the loan.

One thing that people don’t realize is that getting bad credit home loans can sometimes lower your monthly payments and provide relief from other high interest debts like credit cards. They also don’t think about the other benefits that come with bad credit home loans such as the boost that the new loan will give to your credit score.

On the other hand, there are some bad credit mortgage specialists who will work with you even if your credit score is as low as 560. The lower your credit score the higher the interest rate will be on the loan, so you may be better off waiting several months to a year while working on improving your credit score before you apply for a bad credit home loan.


The Saying “Lease What Depreciates – Buy What Appreciates” Is So True

Why Your Company Should Lease, Not Buy Your Equipment

Assets are depreciated at a pre-set rate ranging anywhere from 10% to 50%, depending upon which class they fall within. In year 1, the amount of depreciation falls under the 50% rule which means that only one half of the depreciation can be used as an expense. The net effect is a very slow write off for tax purposes, and an erosion of the net worth of the company over time.  A lease will correct the problem.

Will companies use leasing as a means of equipment acquisition? The purpose of this article is to take a closer look at the statement made by Mr. Getty many years ago, “Lease What Depreciates – Buy what Appreciates”, and look at ways of acquiring equipment from a different perspective.

“Buy What Appreciates” simply put, means owning assets which increase in value. Prudent business people generally live by the Rule of Increase which relates to continual growth. Growth in revenues, growth in company size, and growth in net worth.

Will companies use leasing as a means of equipment acquisition? The purpose of this article is to take a closer look at the statement made by Mr. Getty many years ago, “Lease What Depreciates – Buy what Appreciates”, and look at ways of acquiring equipment from a different perspective.

Many years ago, the great John Paul Getty, who at one time held the title of being the riches man in the world, made the statement, “Lease What Depreciates – Buy what Appreciates”, as a basic philosophy that prudent businesses should follow. Most of us in the leasing industry keep the statement in our arsenal as a method of convincing companies to lease their equipment.

It must be pointed out that if an equipment acquisition is secured by a bank loan or a line of credit, they truly do not own the equipment until the final payment is made. They do, in fact hold title to the equipment, and show the depreciated value as an asset, but the equipment is not owned until the loan is paid out in full.

“Lease What Depreciates”, refers to shifting the ownership of any asset which decreases in value over time to a 3rd party, otherwise known as a leasing company. From an accounting point of view, leased equipment is considered a form of off-balance sheet financing meaning that it does not appear as a liability on the balance sheet.

Very few assets which are revenue producing, and contribute to the growth of a company, appreciate in value. A piece of production equipment costing $100,000 today, may only be worth $60,000 or $70,000 a year from now. The equipment may, in fact, reduce costs by 20%, and increase efficiency by 30%, however, if purchased outright, will actually reduce the net worth of the company over time.

“Lease What Depreciates”, refers to shifting the ownership of any asset which decreases in value over time to a 3rd party, otherwise known as a leasing company. From an accounting point of view, leased equipment is considered a form of off-balance sheet financing meaning that it does not appear as a liability on the balance sheet. They do, in fact hold title to the equipment, and show the depreciated value as an asset, but the equipment is not owned until the loan is paid out in full.

What Does It Really Mean? Let’s dissect the statement into its two components and discuss why it make total sense.

The business model of most leasing companies is one which is driven by adding multiple assets to the financial statements, thus being focused on huge depreciation expenses. Leasing companies thrive on adding assets to their books, and in turn fill a great need for organizations acquiring assets.


Online Jobs & Part Time Jobs From Home

Online Jobs From Home

People who are compelled to commute long distances every day find online jobs from home part time as the right solution. If a conventional 9-6 job does not appeal you, it is the perfect remedy. It has emerged as the perfect alternative job that caters all your needs.

These jobs come with a number of benefits.

  • Best Remedy To Combat The Economic Situation

Under this situation, online jobs from home part time are considered to be right solution to earn extra sum of money. Not only this, depending upon your expertise and skill set, you can find one such job.

  • No Work Pressure

When you opt for this kind of a job, you can be sure of one thing. Yes, certain jobs like online data entry do require you to adhere to stipulated deadlines.

  • Higher Flexibility

This is perhaps the biggest reason why more individuals are opting for such a job. Under such jobs you enjoy the freedom of scheduling the work hours at your discretion.

  • You Are Your Own Boss

If that is the case, this job will perfectly meet your requirements. Doing a job and enjoying it can’t get better than this!

  • Work For Different Clients

Some individuals choose such jobs as it gives them a privilege to work with different types of clients. Working with clients spread world over is a different ball game altogether. Apart from dealing with numerous challenges and mindsets, it enhances your earning potential.

  • Choice to Try Different Jobs

This is perhaps the only job option that gives you immense scope to keep trying different jobs. This way you get a chance to experiment your skill set. If you find your present job is becoming a little monotonous, you have the freedom to switch to another job.

  • Choose From Popular Jobs

People who are compelled to commute long distances every day find online jobs from home part time as the right solution. Under such jobs you enjoy the freedom of scheduling the work hours at your discretion. Some individuals choose such jobs as it gives them a privilege to work with different types of clients. If you find your present job is becoming a little monotonous, you have the freedom to switch to another job.

These jobs are getting very popular and some of them include part time blogging, online teaching, logo designing, survey jobs, freelance writing, and more. The good thing about these online jobs from home part time is they do not require high education qualification. All they need is little dedication and discipline while working.

These jobs are getting very popular and some of them include part time blogging, online teaching, logo designing, survey jobs, freelance writing, and more.


Why Most People FAIL To Build A Successful Online Business

Successful Online Business

Build A Successful Online Business

Large companies as well as small businesses are now engaging into this business since they have found out that it is one of the most convenient at the same time less cost than the usual businesses. All you need to have is the product; own computer and internet connection and your business can run 24/7.

When it comes to business, there are hundreds of types of business that we can engage to and one of this is the online business. This is one of the most successful at the same time very competitive way of doing business.

Creating this type of business may be easy and simple but without the basics and enough knowledge in this business, it is very complicated.

With the right tools and techniques used, you will get through the first hurdle of getting noticed. Fast Track Cash is one of the SEO tools that is used by thousands of online marketers who have been trying to get pass other websites and hopefully get noticed.

Creating this type of business may be easy and simple but without the basics and enough knowledge in this business, it is very complicated. Online business involves a lot of techniques at the same time software to help you and your website get noticed.

Some of us might engage into business to have extra income to support our daily needs.

Yes, everyone can start their own business as long as they have the money, but it is not everyone who comes out a winner in this business.

Search Engine Optimization or SEO plays a big part in online business. It will be huge leap in your business career if you can drive traffic to your websites and convert prospect costumers to buy your products. Yes, everyone can start their own business as long as they have the money, but it is not everyone who comes out a winner in this business.

Where ever you are and whatever you do, money is always needed to buy food, clothing and shelter as well as other important things that we need. For us to have money, we work hard to provide for ourselves as well as for our family. Some of us might engage into business to have extra income to support our daily needs.

Before you start creating your websites and buy all the software you can get online, you first need to have the basic background in online business. This is not to scare you from having your own business, but this is to help you understand what really an online business is and be successful in making money online.


Obama: Small Business Is The Heart Of Economy

Obama: Small Business Is The Heart Of Economy

“Why Small Organizations Mean Big Business”

Nowadays, this situation will not hold true anymore.

In the end, Meg was forced out of business because her customers went to Tom’s monstrous bookshop.

Tom’s character, on the other hand, moved into town to build a branch of a big chain-bookstore which offered discounted prices and a huge building, as compared to Meg’s little bookshop on one corner of the town’s streets.

More and more small organizations are paving the way and giving big businesses a shot of their own medicine.

Her only edge is that she gives personal service, she knows her customers by name and she has a very small staff, about 2 or 3 employees.

As a small organization you may turn around and have these qualities as your edge to compete against the big sharks in business.

Meg’s character owned a quaint little bookstore which she inherited from her mother. The prices of her books were a little steep, she makes up for it in service. She packs the books in a specialized bag, and she knows all of her customers by name.

In the movie “You’ve Got Mail”, the sub-plot aside from the love angle is that the heroine (played by Meg Ryan) was forced out of business when the big-time bookstore owner (played by Tom Hanks) moved into town.

In the movie, the reason why Meg Ryan was forced out of business is because she can not profit anymore. Her prices are steep as compared to the other big business’ discounted rates.

Here are some tips on how you can hold your own against a big business:

Small businesses have big competition.

No matter what nature of business you have, it is better to learn about the competition so that you will be able to survive.

This means that you need to know how to survive out there.

Here are some tips on how you can survive the big competition:

Know exactly where your business is headed.

Get a third and second opinion if possible, as these impulsive buys may lead to the end of your small organization.

Keep a tight rein on your budget when it seems as if your cash flow is in a downward slope.

Do not be afraid to seek professional help.

Keep your business alive.

The better option is for you to hire a professional outside accountant to figure the returns of your investment and handle the other financial aspects of your business.

In your day-to-day operation, make sure that you know where you want your company to be 5 or 10 years from now.

Do not spend on unnecessary business purchases and always balance your books.

Be always aware of the trends in the industry that you are in, practice good money management and learn how to recognize potential problems before they arise.

This does not just help widen your knowledge, but it will also give you an idea of how other businesses are ran by small-scale owners.

Take advantage of every free business counseling whenever available.

The fall of most small businesses start with decisions on problems which are not carefully analyzed.

If you are one to buy on impulse or if you are the type to listen to those who sweet-talk you into purchasing “necessary” items, control yourself.

Keep your books straight.

You think that you already have a contingency plan, make sure that you have foreseen the results of a certain business decision.

In the long run, it is better to seek professional help rather than embark on a plan that could start the downfall of your business.

Learn how to market your small organization.

Marketing is not about trying to sell your services and products to everyone.

It is about knowing who to market your products to.

In marketing, it is good to remember these fast facts:

Remember, small organizations are big businesses these days so do not be afraid to work hard for the company that you have – not matter how small.

Know about your customers.

Build a personalized and good relationship with your customers.

They might offer discounted prices but it is harder for them to keep track of customers on a more personal basis.

As a small organization, you need to routinely review the markets that you need to pursue so that you can better reach out to your customers.

Communicate with your customers.

If you work hard, make wise business decisions, learn how to market your small business and personalize your customer interaction, your small-scale business is sure to rise to the top.

This will be a great edge for you to have against the bigger companies.

Do not stop the marketing process.


Watch Out For Reverse Mortgage Scams

Reverse Mortgage Scams

How A Reverse Mortgage Works

A reverse mortgage is a loan product that allows homeowners 62 years of age and older to use their equity to generate tax-free income, without having to take or sell the home on a new mortgage payment. The reverse mortgage is exactly what the title states, the reverse of a standard mortgage. With a standard mortgage, the borrower (or homeowner) makes monthly payments to the lender (or bank or mortgage company), in order to pay back the loan that the lender originally lent to for the purchase or refinance of the house.

Ever wonder how a reverse mortgage works? For older Americans, there is another, less common option that is growing in popularity as home prices have increased and baby boomers have moved closer to retirement age: the reverse mortgage. Do you know what it is, and do you know how a reverse mortgage works?

The reverse mortgage is exactly what the title states, the reverse of a standard mortgage. For reverse mortgage borrowers with an existing mortgage, that mortgage will need to be paid off completely, so that the new reverse mortgage will be the only lien on the house. If the proceeds from the reverse mortgage are not ample to pay off the existing mortgage, the borrower will need to access savings or other sources to pay off the rest of existing mortgage amount. The more common scenario is one in which there is a small or no mortgage on the home and then the borrower is able to access nearly the full amount of the reverse mortgage to use at their discretion. One very important facet of the reverse mortgage process is the consumer counseling that is required for borrowers contemplating a reverse mortgage.

There are a few factors that determine how much money a borrower will receive from a reverse mortgage, such as the value of the home, borrower’s (and co-borrower’s) age, current interest rates and any lending limits that may be standard for your geographic area. The line of credit is the most popular option, with nearly 60% of reverse mortgage borrowers choosing to the option to draw income or a lump sum off the line at the time of their choosing. And the proceeds from the reverse mortgage can be used for anything, completely at the discretion of the borrower, though most borrowers use the funds for home repairs or modifications, health care expenses, to settle other debts, or for their long-planned vacation!

Overall, for older Americans contemplating a stress-free retirement, the reverse mortgage may be just the option! Just make sure that you know your goals and options … and how a reverse mortgage works.

One very important facet of the reverse mortgage process is the consumer counseling that is required for borrowers contemplating a reverse mortgage. Counselors are obligated by law to review with you all of the implications of the new mortgage, and what your potential options are.

For reverse mortgage borrowers with an existing mortgage, that mortgage will need to be paid off completely, so that the new reverse mortgage will be the only lien on the house. If the proceeds from the reverse mortgage are not ample to pay off the existing mortgage, the borrower will need to access savings or other sources to pay off the rest of existing mortgage amount. The more common scenario is one in which there is a small or no mortgage on the home and then the borrower is able to access nearly the full amount of the reverse mortgage to use at their discretion.


Secured Loans

The Different Types of Secured Loans

Secured loans are loans where the borrower presents collateral in form of assets such as vehicles, land or even a home. Due to the property acting as security in any form of risk in the future during the loan repayment procedure, the secured loan further takes up another name, secured debt.

The fact is that secured loans are debts that have been secured against the aforementioned collateral on the account that the borrower may not be in a capacity to completely clear the debt as per the contract. The work of the asset or property used as collateral is therefore, to act as security in case the borrower defaults and thus giving the lender the right to repossess that particular property and later selling it to recover the entire amount as per the contract agreement.

Secured LoansThe difference between secured loans and unsecured loans

When the lender concentrates on collateral in terms of property and other assets, which can be sold to recover the amount that has been lent to the borrower, this type of loan is known as a secured loan, however, when none of the mentioned needs to take place and can still afford to lend an agreed amount to the borrower, the loan is termed as unsecured. Secured loans always attract substantial interest rates that the borrower may be able to account for with ease as compared to unsecured loans. Factors such as the ability to repay the loan and the nature of the credit history can be used to dictate the probability of accessing unsecured loan contrary to secured loans where the mentioned may not apply.

Why secured loans would be a better choice

Evidently, creditors find secured loans a better choice as they can be able to repossess the property thus covering the borrowed amount. Creditors in this case are normally relieved most of the risks associated with borrowing funds such as untimely death of the borrower, or even bankruptcy. On the side of the debtor, it would be easier for them to access secured loans on favourable terms in accordance with interest rates and other factors affecting borrowing of money from lenders. Not only, that, factors such as credit history and past debts are considered unnecessary as compared to unsecured loans where in most case’s credit checks are a must.

Types of secured loans

There are different types of secured loans and these may include mortgage loans, nonrecourse loans, foreclosure loans, as well as repossession loans. When the collateral becomes your home or other related property, this type of loan is known as a mortgage loan, whereas a nonrecourse loan is the type of loan where the only thing, the lender has as security is the collateral submitted by the borrower. Foreclosure entails court order to resell a property in order to recover debt by the lender whereas the repossession is whereby the creditor has the right to repossess any property of the borrower, in case he or she fails to clear payments are agreed. This sometimes can require a court order, but there are times when it may not as per the jurisdiction.